Intellectual Property

The World in 2025 – Food shortages and price fluctuation are a thing of the past

It’s human nature to want to know what’s coming. It seems fitting, then, that our IP & Science business, with innovation at its core, should also partake in leveraging its assets to forecast the future. The following is one prediction from our new report that features 10 innovation predictions for the world in 2025. Make sure to check out the entire series of posts and download the full report here.

Advancements in lighting technologies and imaging techniques, coupled with genetic crop modification, provide an environment ripe for successful indoor crop growth and detecting diseased foods.

World-2025_pdf__page_12_of_28_Simultaneous revolutions in both lighting technologies and imaging techniques will have far reaching effects in the next decade. Advancements in Organic Light Emitting Diodes, LCD and plasma technologies, alongside three-dimensional displays coupled with hyperspectral imaging, will improve year-round crop growth, helping feed the world’s eight billion people and overcoming environmental changes that will affect traditional farming.

In 2025, genetically modified crops will be grown rapidly and safely indoors, with round-the-clock light, using low-energy LEDs that emit specific wavelengths to enhance growth by matching the crop to growth receptors added to the food’s DNA. Crops will also be bred to be disease resistant. And, they will be bred for high yield at specified wavelengths.

Imaging techniques such as three-dimensional displays coupled with hyperspectral imaging will also be able to provide early detection of mal-developing crops and diseased animal proteins before human consumption.

Because there is reduced risk of crop failure, price fluctuations and food shortages will become things of the past.

Download the full report: The World in 2025: 10 Predictions of Innovation

The World in 2025 – Type 1 diabetes is preventable

It’s human nature to want to know what’s coming. It seems fitting, then, that our IP & Science business, with innovation at its core, should also partake in leveraging its assets to forecast the future. The following is one prediction from our new report that features 10 innovation predictions for the world in 2025. Make sure to check out the entire series of posts and download the full report here.

A versatile human genome engineering platform is a reality, paving the way for the modification of disease-causing genes and helping to prevent certain metabolic conditions.

World-2025_pdf__page_10_of_28_Like type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes and other metabolic conditions such as muscular dystrophy will be preventable in 2025, but not by diet and exercise. Advancements in ribonucleic acid-guided (RNA-guided) engineering used for specialist sequence synthesis will be so much more sophisticated that a human genome engineering platform will exist. The pillar biological molecules of life on earth: RNA, DNA and proteins, and the roles they play, will be understood much more clearly in the next decade.

The in-depth operations of RNA, the main pathways from DNA to proteins, and proteins, the cell’s worker bees that carry out various catalytic and structural functions, will be demystified. The RNA/DNA process of passing inherited genetic information from one generation to the next will be clear. Increased knowledge of these biological pillars will make genomic-editing-and-repairing DNA a reality in humans, not just in bacteria and mice.

Also a reality will be the patenting of organisms and partial DNA segments, thereby complicating the landscape of who owns rights to what and where the line between nature and commerce exists. The human genome engineering platform will pave the way for the modification of disease-causing genes in humans, leading to the prevention of type I diabetes, among other ailments.

Download the full report: The World in 2025: 10 Predictions of Innovation

The World in 2025 – Solar is the largest source of energy on the planet

It’s human nature to want to know what’s coming. It seems fitting, then, that our IP & Science business, with innovation at its core, should also partake in leveraging its assets to forecast the future. The following is one prediction from our new report that features 10 innovation predictions for the world in 2025. Make sure to check out the entire series of posts and download the full report here.

Methods for harvesting, storing and converting solar energy are so advanced and efficient that it becomes the primary source of energy on our planet.

SolarThanks to improvements in photovoltaic technology, chemical bonding, photocatalysts and three-dimensional nanoscale heterojunctions, the use of the sun as the world’s primary source of energy is no longer for the environmentally- conscious select; it is for the masses.

The sun’s energy will be harvested much more efficiently. Its energy will be stored and used when needed. And the conversion of solar power will be much more efficient.

Solar thermal and solar photovoltaic energy (from new dye-sensitized and thin-film materials) will heat buildings, water, and provide energy for devices in the home and office, as well as in retail buildings and manufacturing facilities.

Chemical bonds, a photosynthetic process, will make solar energy available when needed. Increased efficiency of energy conversion will be realized through new materials such as cobalt-oxide and titanium-oxide nanostructures, photocatalysts and 3D nanoscale heterojunctions; while new methods using mesoscopic oxide films sensitized by dyes or quantum dots will contribute to improving the 2014 solar conversion efficiency rate of less than 10 percent.

Download the full report: The World in 2025: 10 Predictions of Innovation

The World in 2015 – Dementia declines

It’s human nature to want to know what’s coming. It seems fitting, then, that our IP & Science business, with innovation at its core, should also partake in leveraging its assets to forecast the future. The following is one prediction from our new report that features 10 innovation predictions for the world in 2025. Make sure to check out the entire series of posts and download the full report here.

Analysis and understanding of the human genome will have far-reaching effects in 2025. As Baby Boomers begin to reach their 80s, more and more scientific research funds will be directed toward afflictions they may encounter.

World-2025_pdf__page_6_of_28_Current neurodegenerative disease research is focused on identifying pathogenic chromosomes that influence the onset of diseases. This work is vital to understanding human genetic variations and will enable scientists to begin to fix genetic malfunctions, such as those impacting dementia patients.

Scientific studies of dementia sufferers have been able to isolate specific chromosomes that cause different forms of the disease, including autosomal dominant frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), among others. The identification of chromosome 9p and its genetic link to dementia, for instance, is a first step in the war on this devastating condition.

In 2025, the studies of genetic mutations causing dementia, coupled with improved detection and onset-prevention methods, will result in far fewer people suffering from it.

Such fundamental research is not yet represented in patents, because pure medical research may not be patented. As techniques and enabling technologies develop, it will be more visible in patent publications. And, as the global population ages, preventing these diseases through understanding the genetics will become increasingly important.

Download the full report: The World in 2025: 10 Predictions of Innovation

Visionary data

Thomson Reuters information tools provide insights into the progression of knowledge and invention over many decades—in the case of Web of Science, as far back as 150 years. At the same time, by illuminating current areas of emergence, concentration, and rapid growth, these resources offer a look ahead. It is fitting, therefore, that our IP & Science business released a new, forward-looking report, The World in 2025, which mines the scientific literature and patent data to make predictions about how innovation and technology will affect our lives and our world in the coming decade.

In preparing the report, IP & Science analysts studied publication and citation data from Web of Science to identify particularly active areas of fast-moving and emerging research. Scrutiny of global patent data from Derwent World Patents Index revealed areas that are currently yielding prolific numbers of recent inventions. Ultimately, the analysts arrived at 10 predictions, reflecting hot spots of innovation that will lead to tomorrow’s biggest breakthroughs.

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The speed of knowledge

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Neil Masterson, Executive Vice President and Chief Transformation Officer at Thomson Reuters, participated in a panel discussion at the Aspen Ideas Festival on the Speed of Knowledge. The premise of the session, with co-panelist Ken Davis, CEO and president of Mount Sinai Health System, and moderator Ezekiel (Zeke) Emanuel, was that the drug discovery and development process is changing, and the implications of those changes in healthcare are very real.

Innovation related to drug discovery, development and commercialization is increasing, as Mr. Masterson pointed out. There was a 3% increase in global pharmaceutical patent activity from 2012 to 2013, with nearly 63,000 unique inventions processed last year. And, the players are much more global. It is not just the US and Europe, but Asia and other developing countries are becoming more active participants. For instance, the University of Nanjing was the top patenting organization globally for pharmaceutical heterocyclics. (more…)

Is our own Dr. Garfield the grandfather of Google?

Dr. Eugene Garfield is synonymous with innovation at Thomson Reuters.

As the creator of the Science Citation Index (SCI) and the founder of the Institute of Scientific Information, now Scientific & Scholarly Research (SSR), his work forever changed research discovery and analytics.

But developing citation indexing – the cornerstone of the SCI, which involved harnessing the footnotes, or cited references, in scholarly publications – also earned him the title “grandfather of Google.”

Founding father of modern citation analysis (more…)

Diversity & inclusion = Huge benefits for the business

REUTERS/Arko Datta

As an American Egyptian born in Chicago and raised in Cairo, I’ve lived in five countries and travelled to more than 80. Respecting diversity and embracing inclusion are ingrained in who I am.

The term diversity and inclusion (D&I) is often used to cover the most obvious points of gender, race, religion, disability and sexuality. But, it also represents diversity of thought, style and experience. At Thomson Reuters, being inclusive of all differences is a business imperative.

I’ve experienced both the benefits and challenges of D&I in my life. In each place I’ve lived, I have had a contrarian’s perspective. I’m typically seen as a minority, regardless of where I am. When in the United States, I’m viewed as an Arab. And when in Egypt, I’m seen as an American. I know from experience that in order to overcome the challenges of diversity and inclusion, I must embody these principles in all I do. (more…)

Breathing a little easier

2013 Annual Review

Our 2013 Annual Review brings our company story to life by showcasing how we support today’s decision makers by providing global information platforms that are faster, simpler and more connected. You can access the full-report here or check out the complete series of blog posts.

The catalyst for breakthrough pharmaceutical research is often frustration. A scientist studying, for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), will see someone struggling for breath – a baby in her crib, an old man slumped over his walker – and ask, “Is this really the best we can do?” In fact, such impatience can drive important new discoveries – a refinement that makes the best available drugs even better, or a way to prevent some form of pulmonary disease from ever taking hold in the first place.

There’s another kind of frustration, however, that doesn’t spark inspired work in the lab. A gifted researcher may spend countless hours sitting at a computer, trying to determine who is doing what research, which clinical trials are achieving the best results, and where would be the most worthwhile areas to focus attention. In a vast sea of constantly changing information, it can take half a day to find something that should be searchable in half a minute. And even when an answer appears, there is always the fear of missing something obvious – a hopeful new direction, a needless duplication of effort – just beyond the immediate line of sight.

For any pharmaceutical researcher who has ever felt this kind of frustration – over the elusiveness of a cure, or the obstacles to even seeing where a cure may lie – the world’s leading information company has some powerful solutions. (more…)

Graphene patents – graphic of the day

Analysis of inventions involving the manufacture or application of graphene shows dramatic growth over the last decade, from just 33 inventions described in published patents in 2004 to over 5,000 inventions last year. Today’s graphic shows the countries with the most graphene inventions and the top ten companies/institutions with the most patents.

graphene

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